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649. Menachem Begin (1913-1992) Israeli politician. Begin was the sixth Prime Minister of the State of Israel. His most significant achievement as prime minister was the signing of a peace treaty with Egypt in 1979, for which he and Anwar Sadat shared the Nobel Prize for Peace. 3 ½” x 5” black and white photograph signed in the lower margin.
$ 75 to $125
650. Simon Bolivar (1783-1830) South American military and political leader. Bolivar played a key role in Latin America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire, and is today considered one of the most influential politicians in the history of the Americas. He was president of Gran Colombia (1819–30) and dictator of Peru (1823–26). 8 ½” x 11 ½” document signed, Peru, February 26, 1825. Lightly soiled, small vertical tear in the top margin. Double matted with a printed color photograph to 26” x 17 ½”.
$2,800 to $3,500
651. Ralph J. Bunche (1904-1971) Diplomat. Bunche was the highest American official in the Nations. For his conduct of negotiations leading to an armistice in the First Arab-Israeli War, he United received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1950, the first African-American to do so. 8” x 10 ½” typed letter signed, United Nations, March 15, 1950, to Reverend Cornelius Greenway. “…It is with deep regret that I inform you of my inability to accept this invitation. I am leaving for Europe…on official business….”
$100 to $175
652. Ralph J. Bunche. First day of issue postal cover with the United Nations stamp recognizing the United Nations Secretariat and cachet, signed “With best wishes Ralph J. Bunche.”
$ 75 to $125
653. Charles De Gaulle (1890-1970) French General, statesman. De Gaulle led the Free French Forces during World War II. He later founded the French Fifth Republic in 1958 and served as its first President from 1959 to 1969. He came to the fore as a proponent of mobile armored divisions, which he considered would become central in modern warfare. During World War II, he earned the rank of brigadier general leading one of the few successful armored counter-attacks during the 1940 Battle of France in May in Montcornet. 10” x 12” black and white photograph, in uniform, signed. The margins are worn, mounting material on the reverse.
$900 to $1,500
654. Queen Elizabeth II (1926- ) British monarch. Elizabeth is the elder daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, she became Queen at the age of 25, and has reigned through more than five decades of enormous social change and development. 2” x 1 ½” cut signature, mounted. Includes an unsigned 8” x 10” black and white photograph.
$300 to $500
655. George III (1738-1820) British Monarch. George was the third Hanoverian monarch and the first one to be born in England and to use English as his first language. He ascended the British throne in 1760. During his 59-year reign, he pushed through a British victory in the Seven Years' War, led England's successful resistance to Revolutionary and Napoleonic France, and presided over the loss of the American Revolution. After suffering intermittent bouts of acute mental illness, he spent his last decade in a fog of insanity and blindness. 11” x 13” document signed, no date, front and back. The document, “Abstract of the Charges of the foregoing Establishment” details the expenses associated with “His Majesty's Command.” There are nine line items covering the per diem expenses for a number of regiments. The reverse details the expenses of the Field Officer of the 20 th and 47 th Regiments, for example: “Allowance to the Widows” and Allowance to the Colonel for Clothing Lost by Deserters.” Double matted with a color photograph and brass plaque to 25” x 15 ½”.
$350 to $600
656. Edward E. L. Wood (1 st Earl of Halifax) (1881-1959) British statesman. Halifax was one of the most senior British Conservative politicians of the 1930s, during which he held several senior ministerial posts, most notably as Foreign Secretary from 1938 to 1940. As such he is often regarded as one of the architects of the policy of appeasement prior to World War II. During the war, he served as British Ambassador in Washington. 8” x 10” typed letter signed, “Halifax,” Garrowby, York, January 7, 1949, to Secretary of the Treasury John W. Snyder. “…Lady Halifax and I were greatly touched by yours and Mrs. Snyder's card of good wishes for Christmas and the New Year…You have indeed given the world much to talk about in the last two months…!
$ 50 to $ 75
657. Adolf Hitler (1889-1944) Nazi Germany dictator. Hitler's early program for Germany is contained in his book Mein Kampf. He dreamed of creating a master race of pure Aryans, who would rule for a thousand years as the third German Empire, or Third Reich. Hitler led the Nazi party, and began to rule Germany in 1933 as a fascist dictator with the title der Führer. He supervised the murder of six million Jews and other supposed enemies of the Reich. Hitler began World War II by invading Poland in 1939. He committed suicide in 1945 when Germany's defeat was imminent. 4 ¾” x 6 ½” colorized photograph of Hitler in uniform with the Nazi “blood flag” from Deutschland Erwacht signed. In addition to our COA this lot has documentation from authenticator Stephen Koschal.
$2,000 to $3,500
658. Joséphine de Beauharnais (1763-1814) French Empress. Josephine was the first wife of Napoleon I, and thus the first Empress of the French. Her first husband Alexandre de Beauharnais was guillotined during the Reign of Terror, and she was imprisoned in the Carmes prison. She was a popular Empress and faithful spouse to Napoleon. Throughout their marriage, Josephine was one of Napoleon's closest advisors and he divorced her for political rather than personal reasons. She was a glamorous and well-connected socialite, and was regarded as a good mother who remained strong and graceful, despite her many hardships. 6” x 7” autograph letter, in French, signed, no place February 5 (no year), to the Minister of Commerce. “… I appeal to your kindness the request that I enclose here for the messieurs Collin Dapples, merchants in Paris. The services that they rendered to people I am quite close to makes me want to be useful to them. At this time they request a recommendation from you and it is my pleasure to ask for your kindness towards them and have regard, if it is possible for you, to oblige their request. I take advantage of this occasion with pleasure to renew the expression of my affection. Joséphine At Malmaison February 5.” The letter is matted with a printed illustration to 18” x 14”.
$1,800 to $2,500
659. Judica: Israeli Newspaper May 20, 1948. 12 ½” x 18 ½” single page, in Hebrew. The paper contains the “latest news” including the recognition of the State of Israel by eleven nations, the Jordanian attack on Mt. Scopus and the bombardment of Hadassah. Six days earlier David Ben-Gurion, the Executive Head of the World Zionist Organization and president of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, declared “the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz Israel, to be known as the State of Israel.”
$500 to $800
660. Mohammad Ayub Khan (1907-1974) Pakistani General, statesman. Khan served as the second President of Pakistan and its first military dictator from 1958 until his forced resignation in 1969. A self-appointed field marshal, the only such five-star rank in Pakistan's military history, he was appointed the first chief martial law administrator by President Iskander Mirza in 1958, a post he retained until the promulgation of a new constitution in 1962. First day of issue postal cover with the Winston Churchill commemorative and cachet signed and dated “20-12-68.”
$ 75 to $125
661. Benito Mussolini (1883-1945) Italian politician. Mussolini was the leader of the National Fascist Party, ruling the country as Prime Minister from 1922 until his ousting in 1943. He ruled constitutionally until 1925, when he dropped all pretense of democracy and set up a legal dictatorship. Known as Il Duce (“the leader”). Mussolini was one of the key figures in the creation of fascism . 9” x 13 ½” partially printed document signed, April 25, 1934, in Italian. The document is a military appointment of Giuseppe Peruzzi. The document is matted with a 4” x 6” color illustration to 14 ¾” x 19 ¼”.
$200 to $350
662. Shimon Perez (1923- ) Israeli politician. Perez was the ninth President of the State of Israel. Peres served twice as the Prime Minister of Israel and once as Interim Prime Minister, and has been a member of twelve cabinets in a political career spanning over 66 years. 4 ½” x 7” black and white photograph, signed in the lower margin.
$ 50 to $ 75
663. Shimon Perez. 5 ¼” x 8” color photograph signed.
$ 50 to $ 75
664. Juan Peron (1895-1974) Politicians Agentina. Peron was three times elected as President of Argentina serving from June 1946 to September 1955 and from October 1973 to July 1974. 6 ½” x 3 ½” (exposed) signature clipped from a Ministry of War document, December 29, 1943 with four docking stamps, matted with an 7” x 9” photograph to 12” x 16”.
$150 to $250
665. Juan Peron. Four documents from the Republic of Argentina, Buenos Aires, three 8 ¾” x 13' and one 9” x 14” dated 1944, 1945, 1946 and 1954 each signed as President.
$200 to $350
666. Yitzhak Rabin (1922-1995) Israeli leader. Rabin won the Nobel Peace Prize together with Shimon Peres and Yasser Arafat. He was assassinated by right-wing Israeli radical Yigal Amir, who was opposed to Rabin's signing of the Oslo Accords. Rabin was the first native-born prime minister of Israel, the only prime minister to be assassinated. 3 ½” x 2” engraved calling card, signed.
$100 to $200
667. Pierre Trudeau (1919-2000) Canadian Prime Minister. Trudeau became leader of the Liberal Party and prime minister in 1968. A determined antiseparatist, he advocated a strong federal government and took a determined stand against separatist terrorists. 8 ½” x 11” black and white magazine photograph signed, “For Martha Nider with best wishes P. Trudeau 1990.”
$100 to $175
668. Umberto I (1844-1900) Italian Monarch. Umberto's reign saw Italy attempt colonial expansion into East Africa, successfully gaining Eritrea and Somalia despite being defeated by Abyssinia at the Battle of Adowa in 1886. In 1882, he approved the Triple Alliance with the German Empire and Austria-Hungary. He was deeply loathed in leftist circles, because of his conservatism and support of the Bava-Beccaris massacre in Milan. He was especially hated by anarchists, who attempted an assassination on him during the first year of his reign. He was killed by another anarchist, Gaetano Bresci, two years after the Bava-Bacharis massacre. 10” x 14” partially printed document signed, August 31, 1886. The document is matted to 12” x 15”.
$150 to $250
669. King Umberto II (1904-1983) Italian Monarch. Umberto was the last King of Italy, reigning for slightly over a month. In an effort to repair the monarchy's image after the fall of Benito Mussolini's regime, Victor Emmanuel transferred his powers to Umberto in 1944 while retaining the title of king. As a referendum was in preparation on the abolition of the monarchy in 1946, Victor Emmanuel abdicated his throne to Umberto in an unsuccessful attempt to gain support for the monarchy. First day of issue postal cover with the “Final Reunion – United Confederate Veterans” commemorative and cachet, signed.
$ 50 to $ 75
670. Queen Victoria (1819-1901) British monarch. Victoria's reign of sixty-three years and seven months, which is longer than that of any other British monarch and the longest of any female monarch in history, is known as the Victorian era. It was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military change within the United Kingdom, and was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire. 14” x 9 ½” partially printed document signed, October 30, 1855. The document is an appointment of James G. Johnson as Lieutenant in the 95 th Regiment of Foot. The seals are intact.
$500 to $900
671. Lech Walesa (1943- ) Polish union activist. Walesa became leader of the Solidarity trade union in 1980. In 1983 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace. He continued to direct the outlawed union until it received legal recognition in 1988. Solidarity won an overwhelming victory in free elections in June 1989, and after Walesa refused to form a coalition government with the communists, the Parliament was forced to accept a Solidarity-led government. In 1990 he won Poland's first direct presidential election by a landslide, and he helped guide Poland into a free-market economy. Two signed items: first day of issue postal cover with the Paderewski commemorative and cachet and a 4” x 6” color photograph.
$100 to $200
672. Lech Walesa. 6” x 8” typed letter, in Polish, signed, personal stationery, September 30, 1988, to Anthony Sherry.
$100 to $200
673. William IV (1765-1837) British Monarch. William was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of Hanover from 1830 until his death. William, the third son of George III and younger brother and successor to George IV, was the last king and penultimate monarch of Britain's House of Hanover. 13” x 9” partially printed document signed, October 18, 1836. The document is an appointment of Robert Blankins as Captain and Lieutenant in the Grenadier Regiment. Normal folds, seals are intact. The appointment is matted with a color image to 24” x 11 ½”.
$250 to $350
674. Kaiser Wilhelm II (1859-1941) German Monarch. Wilhelm was the oldest grandson of Queen Victoria of England, King of Prussia, and the last German Emporer. He was crowned in 1888 and launched Germany on a bellicose “New Course” in foreign affairs that culminated in his support for Austria-Hungary in the crisis of July 1914 that led to the First World War. Bombastic and impetuous, he sometimes made tactless pronouncements on sensitive topics without consulting his ministers. An ineffective war leader, he lost the support of the army and fled to exile in the Netherlands. He settled in Amerongen, where in November 1919, he issued a formal statement of abdication and released his soldiers and officials from their oath of loyalty to him. He subsequently purchased a country house in the municipality of Doorn. 8” x 10”, seven page (front and back), handwritten, pencil, impassioned speech, “Doom 6. VI. 26”, signed at the conclusion with his initial “W.” The speech, in German, is titled, You people of little belief why are you so fearful . Filled with religious symbolism, he compares the German people to St. Peter, as he and his boat's passengers foundered amongst the waves. As Jesus appeared and lifted Peter from the water at his point of greatest despair, "... ebenso geht es bei den Voelkern " ("such is it with [our] people"). In as much, he accuses the politicians of Germany for abandoning faith and delivering the people of Germany, now in the throes of the post WWI depression, to be " feasted upon by the 28 Nations ", who attacked his peaceful people. He substantiates his take that his support of Austria was one of solidarity and friendship, and that Germany was in essence blindsided by the thuggish Allies. Beyond that, he casts the loss of WWI as a political failure, using his generals (in spite of the fact that they essentially deposed him during the war) as exhibits of people of faith, who conquered in spite of odds stacked overwhelmingly against them, particularly because they "believed". Only when his people cast off the irons of this new Republic which now chains them, when they in their darkest hour call to God for help, will they be lifted from this misery. He concludes with the admonition “ Expect the Lord – He will come ” and quotes Carlyle, “ Don't despair, but work ”, and Goethe, " Wir heissen Euch hoffen" ("We call upon you to hope ").
$1,200 to $2,500